House of Representatives

Who is a Member of the House of Representatives?

A member of the House of Representatives is a representative of his/her constituency at the federal level. Members of the House are empowered by law to make legislations for the federation. The House of Representatives is a chamber of the National Assembly.

Composition of the House of Representatives

The House of Representatives shall consist of three hundred and sixty members representing constituencies of nearly equal population as far as possible, provided that no constituency shall fall within more than one State. A Speaker and a Deputy Speaker of the House of Representatives are elected to lead by the members of that House from among themselves.

Qualifications for Membership of the House of Representatives

A person shall be qualified for election as a member of the House of Representatives if;

  • He/She is a citizen of Nigeria
  • He/She has attained the age of thirty five years (twenty five years when the Age Reduction bill becomes law)
  • He/She has been educated up to at least School Certificate level or its equivalent; and
  • He/She is a member of a political party and is sponsored by that party (or an independent candidate when the independent candidacy bill becomes law).


The members of the House of Representatives shall hold office for a period of four years commencing from the date of the first sitting of the House.

Roles and responsibilities

Top on the list include but are not limited to;

  • Make laws for the peace, order and good governance of the Federation;
  • Represent the interest of their constituents at the national level;
  • Exercise broad oversight functions. it's empowered to establish committees of its members, scrutinize bills and the conduct of government institutions and officials; and
  • To legislate on matters contained in the Exclusive, Concurrent and Residual lists.