Who is a Member of the Senate?

A Senator is a member of the Senate and Senators are empowered by law to make legislations for the Federation. The Senate is a chamber of the National Assembly.

Composition of the Senate

The Senate shall consist of three Senators from each State and one from the Federal Capital Territory, Abuja (one-hundred and nine Senators). The senate has a President and a Deputy President of the Senate, who are elected by the members of the House from among themselves.

Qualifications for Membership of the Senate

A person shall be qualified for election as a member of the Senate if;

  • He/She is a citizen of Nigeria
  • He/She has attained the age of thirty five years;
  • He/She has been educated up to at least School Certificate level or its equivalent; and
  • He/She is a member of a political party and is sponsored by that party (or an independent candidate when the independent candidacy bill becomes law).


The members of the Senate shall hold office for a period of four years commencing from the date of the first sitting of the House.

Roles and responsibilities

Top on the list include but are not limited to;

  • Make laws for the peace, order and good governance of the Federation;
  • Represent the interest of their constituents at the national level;
  • Exercise broad oversight functions. It's empowered to establish committees of its members, scrutinize bills and the conduct of government institutions and officials; and
  • To exclusively scrutinize and confirm major appointments of the executive.